After 31 December 2020, EU trade agreements will no longer apply to the UK.  Agricultural products include chapters 1 to 24 of fewer fish in accordance with the WTO agreement on agriculture. Additional codes were not taken into account due to the availability of the data. The Government is cooperating with stakeholders to inform UK trade policy and negotiations. For all agricultural products, 61% of exports are shipped in value to the European Union. Of the world`s exports, about $3 billion goes to countries with which the EU has an existing trade agreement that accounts for about 14% of the UK`s total agricultural exports. Andorra, San Marino and Turkey are part of the customs union. The UK`s future trade relations with these countries will be influenced by the UK`s agreement with the EU. By October 2019, before the Brexit deadline, the UK government had already signed or implemented 15 agreements to continue after leaving the EU, which would have come into force in the event of a non-agreement scenario. However, a withdrawal agreement was finally reached between the two parties and the UK officially left the EU on 31 January 2020. However, the UK has entered a “transitional phase” in which the UK retains a number of EU advantages, such as .B internal market and customs union alignment, as well as access to all existing EU free trade agreements. Since October, the government has concluded a number of additional continuity agreements, with 21 agreements signed to date (for 50 countries) (14 September 2020).
While a member of the EU, the UK was automatically part of some 40 trade agreements that the EU has concluded with more than 70 countries. In 2018, these activities accounted for about 11% of total trade in the UK. During the Brexit negotiations between the EU and the UK, there were concerns about the lack of agreement on the terms of withdrawal and the fact that the UK would hastily leave the EU without any deal (the initial scenario of Brexit without a deal). With this result a possibility, the United Kingdom secured a pure trade agreement with Norway and Iceland, which would only be valid after an exit without an EU agreement. Since the UK agreed on conditions in November 2019 and ratified the Brexit withdrawal agreement and left the EU at the end of January 2020, the deal has become obsolete and will therefore not enter into force. Learn more about the trade agreements already signed by the UK and our discussions with the countries with which the EU has a trade agreement. Updated to reflect ongoing trade negotiations with Turkey and Vietnam Any trade agreement will aim to remove tariffs and remove other trade barriers that come into force. It will also cover both goods and services. What do free trade agreements mean for British businesses? The UK officially left the EU on 31 January 2020. Subsequently, the United Kingdom entered a transitional period that ends on 31 December 2021. During this period, the United Kingdom still has to turn away from the internal market and the customs union, a process that is arguably more laborious and complex than the initial withdrawal agreement.
The next deadline of 31 December 2020 has the potential to have a much deeper impact on agriculture. Although the UK Government has continued to sign continuity agreements, they still account for a small portion of the UK`s total agricultural exports, but some important partners have yet to be signed. If the UK leaves the customs union and the internal market without a trade deal, the UK will trade with the EU and a number of other important partners with regard to WTO rules which, as we have already studied, will have a number of effects on agriculture.