According to the preamble come the numbered articles that contain the content of the actual agreement of the parties. Each article title usually includes a paragraph. A long contract can continue to group articles under chapter headings. 106 A depositary is the custodian of the original text of the treaty and acts primarily as administrator of the contract. States or international organizations may be depositaries of treaties. The Secretary-General of the United Nations often acts in this capacity with regard to multilateral treaties. Article 71(1) of the VCLT lists the main functions of a depositary. These include the receipt of notifications and notifications from the parties (Art. 78 VCLT) which may contain notifications of ratification, reservations or withdrawal of a party to the treaty. The depositary may also report errors and proposals to the parties to remedy them. In practice, by virtue of sovereignty, any State can claim to resign from a treaty at any time and no longer comply with its conditions. Whether this is legitimate can be seen as a success or failure in anticipating community approval or application, i.e.
how other States will react; For example, another state could impose sanctions or go to war for infringement. 42 Under Article 11 of the VCLT, “the consent of a State to be bound by a treaty may be expressed by signature, exchange of instruments constituting a treaty, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or otherwise, if so agreed”. there are no strict rules on how consent to the undertaking can be expressed; The parties may decide between themselves, the matter being generally settled by the treaty itself. Secondly, the question of practical monitoring procedures is much more important than whether a given obligation is abstract “legally binding”: transparency, reports, regular verifications, mechanism for strengthening national action plans over time, sanctions, etc. There are many international commitments that are “legally binding”, but remain a dead letter.